2 Timothy Chapter 4

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Introduction

THIS chapter comprises the following subjects:

1. A solemn charge to Timothy, to be faithful in preaching the gospel, and in the whole.work of the ministry, 2 Tim 4:1ff. The particular reason given for this charge was, that the time was approaching when men would not endure sound doctrine, but would turn away from the truth. Hence, Timothy is exhorted to be faithful in his work, and to be prepared to endure the trials which, in such circumstances, a faithful minister must be expected to meet.

2. A statement of Paul that his own work was nearly done, and that the hour of his departure drew near, 2 Tim 4:6ff. This statement, also, seems to be made in order to excite Timothy to increased fidelity in the ministry. His teacher, guide, father, and friend, was about to be withdrawn, and the great work of preaching was to be committed to other hands. Hence, in view of his own departure, Paul exhorts Timothy to fidelity when he himself should be removed.

3. An exhortation to Timothy to come to him as soon as practicable, 2 Tim 4:9ff. Paul was then in bonds, and was expecting soon to die. He was alone. For various reasons, those who had been with him had left him, and he needed some companion and friend. He therefore exhorts Timothy to come to him as soon as possible.

4. Paul refers now to his first trial before the emperor, and to the fact that then no one stood by him, 2 Tim 4:16ff. The reason of his referring to this seems to be, to induce Timothy to come to him in view of his anticipated second trial. The Lord, he says, then stood by him, and he had confidence that he would continue to do it; yet who is there that does not feel it desirable to have some dear earthly friend to be with him when he dies?

5. The epistle is closed, in the usual manner, with various salutations, and with the benediction, 2 Tim 4:19ff.

Text

1: I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; edit

2: Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. edit

3: For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; edit

4: And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. edit

5: But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry. edit

6: For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. edit

7: I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: edit

8: Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. edit

9: Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me: edit

10: For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia. edit

11: Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry. edit

12: And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus. edit

13: The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments. edit

14: Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: edit

15: Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words. edit

16: At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge. edit

17: Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. edit

18: And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. edit

19: Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. edit

20: Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick. edit

21: Do thy diligence to come before winter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren. edit

22: The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen. edit

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