2 Timothy Chapter 1

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Introduction

THE principal design of this chapter is to exhort Timothy to steadfastness and fidelity as a Christian and a minister; and to entreat him to adhere to the truth, and live as became a Christian, in the midst of all the temptations by which he was surrounded, and while so many were turning away from the Christian faith. Timothy was young; he was exposed, like others, to trials; he could not be unaware that not a few had apostatized; he knew that his father in Christ was in bonds, and he was liable to become disheartened, or to be led astray. In these circumstances, the apostle seems to have resolved to place before him strong reasons to induce him to devote himself steadfastly to the cause of religion, and not to allow those things which might tend to alienate him from Christianity to have any effect on his mind. After the usual salutations, therefore, 1 Tim 1:1, 1 Tim 1:2, he proceeds to present these considerations to the mind of Timothy:

(1.) He commences the chapter with delicate praise of his young friend -- one of the most happy methods of inducing him to persevere in the course of life on which he had entered, 2 Tim 1:3ff. We naturally desire to perfect that in which we already excel; we feel encouraged for future efforts in a cause in which we have already been successful. The apostle, therefore, reminds Timothy of the manner in which he had been trained; of the piety of his mother and grandmother, and assures him of his belief that their efforts to train him up in the ways of religion had not been in vain.

(2.) He urges various considerations to induce him not to turn away from that holy purpose to which he had devoted himself. The considerations which he urges are these:

(a) he had been solemnly consecrated to the work of preaching the gospel, 2 Tim 1:6;

(b) God had imparted to him, as to others, a spirit of love and power, and a sound mind, 1 Tim 1:7;

(c) the grace of God had called him to his great work, and he possessed that gospel by which life and immortality are brought to light, 1 Tim 1:8ff;

(d) Paul urges his own example, and says that, amidst all his own trials, he had never seen occasion to be ashamed of the gospel, 2 Tim 1:12ff; and

(e) he reminds Timothy that all his other friends in Asia had turned away from him, specifying two of them, and urges him, therefore, to maintain a steadfast attachment to the principles which he had professed, 2 Tim 1:15.

(3.) The chapter closes with the expression of an earnest prayer that the Lord would bless the family of Onesiphorus, and with a grateful mention of his kindness to him, 2 Tim 1:16ff.

Text

1: Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus, edit

2: To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. edit

3: I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day; edit

4: Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy; edit

5: When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also. edit

6: Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands. edit

7: For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind. edit

8: Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God; edit

9: Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, edit

10: But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel: edit

11: Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles. edit

12: For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day. edit

13: Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. edit

14: That good thing which was committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us. edit

15: This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes. edit

16: The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain: edit

17: But, when he was in Rome, he sought me out very diligently, and found me. edit

18: The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well. edit

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