2 Samuel Chapter 11

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1: And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. edit

2: And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. edit

3: And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? edit

4: And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. edit

5: And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child. edit

6: And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David. edit

7: And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered. edit

8: And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the king. edit

9: But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house. edit

10: And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? why then didst thou not go down unto thine house? edit

11: And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing. edit

12: And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow. edit

13: And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house. edit

14: And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah. edit

15: And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. edit

16: And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were. edit

17: And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also. edit

18: Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war; edit

19: And charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king, edit

20: And if so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the wall? edit

21: Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. edit

22: So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Joab had sent him for. edit

23: And the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate. edit

24: And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the king's servants be dead, and thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. edit

25: Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him. edit

26: And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband. edit

27: And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD. edit

Paraphrase

One evening King David watched as Uriah’s wife, a beautiful woman named Bathsheba, bathed on top of her roof. David requested that she sleep with him, and she willingly complied. As a result she became pregnant with his child. He then tried unsuccessfully to convince Uriah to go home and sleep with his wife. However, Uriah was loyal to his men and refused to lie with his wife while they were camping outside the city. David finally sent a letter his general, Joab, to arrange for Uriah to be killed in battle. After Uriah died in battle, David took Bathsheba to be his wife and she bore his son. During the spring David sent Joab off to war with his entire army, while he stayed behind in Jerusalem. The Israelite army defeated the Ammonites and had Rabbah blockaded. One evening as David looked out from the roof his palace, he saw a beautiful woman bathing. David inquired about whom she was and was informed, by one of his men, that she was Eliam’s daughter, Bathsheba, and was married to Uriah the Hittite. He sent for her and upon her arrival to the palace they slept together, and she returned to her home afterwards. Bathsheba then realized she was pregnant with his child and notified David of the news. David, upon hearing of her pregnancy, ordered Joab to send him Uriah, and Joab complied. Upon Uriah’s arrival, David discussed with him how the army was doing. David told Uriah to go home and wash himself. So Uriah left and David sent a present to him. However, Uriah did not go home to his wife. Instead he slept at the palace’s entrance with the servants. Once David discovered that Uriah did not sleep at his house, he asked him why he did not go home after coming from such a long ways away. Uriah informed David that as long as Joab and the rest of the army were camping out in the field he would not return to his home to sleep with his wife. So David told Uriah to stay in Jerusalem another day before leaving, and Uriah agreed to remain. Uriah then accepted David’s invitation to dinner and David managed to get Uriah drunk. However, Uriah still would not go home to Bathsheba, but instead he slept with the servants once again. As a result, the next day, David wrote a letter to his general Joab and sent Uriah as the messenger. The letter requested that Joab put Uriah on the front lines and then to pull his troops back from him so that he would be killed. Joab followed David’s orders and placed Uriah where the enemy’s resistance was the strongest. Once the battle began, the Israelite army suffered many casualties. Among the men killed was Uriah, Bathsheba’s husband. Joab then sent a messenger to David to tell him about the battle. Joab told his messenger that after he tells David of the battle, David might become very angry. He might ask, why did you get close to the city where the archers could kill the Israelite men? However, tell him that Uriah was among the men who died during the battle. So the messenger went to David and reported everything about battle to him. David listened as Joab’s messenger told him about how the Israelite army drove the enemy back to the city gate. Then the enemies’ archers released arrows upon the Israelites and many men died including Uriah. David sent the messenger back to Joab encouraging him not to worry about the previous battle but to increase the attack and completely annihilate the city. Bathsheba heard about the death of her husband and mourned over her loss. After she had finished mourning over her Uriah, David married her and she moved to the palace with him. Later she gave birth to his son. However, David had greatly upset the Lord.

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