1 Samuel Chapter 17

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1: Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. edit

2: And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. edit

3: And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them. edit

4: And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. edit

5: And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. edit

6: And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. edit

7: And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him. edit

8: And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. edit

9: If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. edit

10: And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. edit

11: When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid. edit

12: Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. edit

13: And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. edit

14: And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. edit

15: But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. edit

16: And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days. edit

17: And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp of thy brethren; edit

18: And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge. edit

19: Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines. edit

20: And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle. edit

21: For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army. edit

22: And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren. edit

23: And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them. edit

24: And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid. edit

25: And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel. edit

26: And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God? edit

27: And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him. edit

28: And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. edit

29: And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause? edit

30: And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner. edit

31: And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him. edit

32: And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine. edit

33: And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. edit

34: And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: edit

35: And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him. edit

36: Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God. edit

37: David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee. edit

38: And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. edit

39: And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him. edit

40: And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine. edit

41: And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him. edit

42: And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. edit

43: And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. edit

44: And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. edit

45: Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. edit

46: This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. edit

47: And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give you into our hands. edit

48: And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came, and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. edit

49: And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth. edit

50: So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David. edit

51: Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled. edit

52: And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. edit

53: And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents. edit

54: And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. edit

55: And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. edit

56: And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is. edit

57: And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. edit

58: And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite. edit

Scripture Paraphrase of 1 Samuel 17

The Philistines assembled their armies as they trained for war against the Israelites. They gathered in the hills of Socoh in Judah and settled at Ephes Dammim between Socoh and Azekah. Saul and the Israelites gathered in the stony Valley of Elah and camped there as they strategically positioned themselves to fight the Philistines. The Philistines dominated one side of the hill and the Israelites took charge of the other.

As the Israelite soldiers set up camp in the rock covered hills, a man from Gath named Goliath, towered at the astonishing height of 9 ft. He was a champion among the Philistines. He strutted around wearing a helmet made entirely of bronze, a coat of armor also made of bronze that covered his head, body, and legs weighing a whopping 125 pounds; and armed with a bronze javelin strapped to his shoulders, and a quite hefty iron tipped spear which weighed 15 pounds. This mammoth of a man even had his own shield bearer. The giant stomped out of the campsite, stood and shouted to the Israelites, "Did it not occur to you that I am a Philistine? Why is there no one coming to attack me? Choose a man to defeat me. If he succeeds we shall serve you, and if he fails you will serve us". Saul, the Israelite King, and his men became discouraged and deeply frightened upon hearing the words spoken by this brute. Goliath constantly taunted the Israelites for 40 days and nights with these words.

A young, ruddy faced, shepard's son named David, was trekking back and forth from assisting his father with the sheep in Bethlehem to the Israelite camp site in Judah. David's father, Jesse, had David deliver roasted grain and fresh loaves of bread to his three oldest brothers: Eliab, Abinadab, and Shimea, who were soldiers, and ten savory cheeses to the commander of their unit. David left the flock early in the morning and set out for Judah. When he approached the camp, he ran to greet his brothers at the battle line. As he was speaking with them, Goliath stepped out and shouted his demand as he had been doing. When the Israelite soldiers saw Goliath they hastily scurried, hiding in fear from this man. David asked the men who stood near him, "What is the reward for killing this giant, and who is he to defy us, the armies of the Living God?". The men responded "The reward for defeating Goliath is fortune, the hand of King Saul's daughter, and your father's family will be exempt from paying taxes." Eliab, David's oldest brother, became furious when he heard David speaking with the men. Eliab asked David, "Why are you even here? And whom is carrying for the sheep? I know you, bet you only came to watch the battle." "What did I do?" David responded "Can I speak for myself?" Someone overheard what David had said and reported it to Saul. Upon hearing the report Saul sent for David.

David presented himself to Saul and told him he wanted to engage in combat with Goliath. Saul of course replied, "But you are much too young to take on this gruesome challenge.". David replied, "I have finished off a lion and a bear to protect my father's flock of sheep. Surely, I will be capable of managing this task." Saul then agreed that David should be the one to put this beast to death.

David refused the tunic, armor, and bronze helmet Saul had for him. He advanced toward Goliath only armed with: a bag of 5 smooth stones, a sling, and a staff . He began to move closer to Goliath to meet him at the battle line. Goliath caught sight of David and realized he was only a boy, he muttered, "Am I a dog that you come at me with a stick? Come here so I can rip you to shreds and feed you to the wild animals!" David then swiftly replied, "You come at me with a sword, a spear and a javelin, but I come at you in the name of the Lord! I will kill you and cut your head off! The remains of your men will be fed to the wild beasts! For the battle is the Lord's and He will hand you over to us!"

David charged toward Goliath, pulled out a smooth stone from his rugged shepard's bag, swiftly placed it in his sling and slung it in Goliath's direction. The stone whipped through the air striking Goliath on the forehead. Goliath stumbled and crashed facedown into the soil. With only a sling and a stone this brute of a man was defeated. David proceeded to bolt towards the now life-less body, took Goliath's sword and sliced his head off.

The sight of what David had done terrified the Philistines and they began to flee their campsite. The Israelite soldiers did not hesitate to chase after and slay them. The scene of this Philistine massacre covered the Shaaraim road, with remains of life-less carcasses. When the Israelites returned they plundered the Philistine camp, taking everything they could find. David brought Goliath's head and journeyed to Jerusalem. Once he landed in Jerusalem, he placed Goliath's weapons in his own tent.

Saul was amazed at what this young boy had done to this enormous man. Saul approached Abner, cousin of Saul and commander-in-chief of his army, and asked him, "Who is the father of this child?" Abner replied, "I haven't the slightest idea my king." King Saul commanded Abner to find out whose son David was. Upon David's return from annihilating Goliath, Abner retrieved David from Jerusalem and brought him back to Saul. All the while, David was still clasping Goliath's head. Saul immediately questioned David about the name of his father. David replied to Saul, "Your servant, Jesse of Bethlehem, is my father".

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