1 John Chapter 2

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Introduction

THE subjects which are introduced into this chapter are the following:

I. A statement of the apostle that the great object which he had in writing to them was that they should not sin; and yet if they sinned, and were conscious that they were guilty before God, they should not despair, for they had an Advocate with the Father who had made propitiation for the sins of the world, 1Jn 2:1, 1Jn 2:2. This is properly a continuation of what he had said in the close of the previous chapter, and should not have been separated from that.

II. The evidence that we know God, or that we are his true friends, is to be found in the fact that we keep his commandments, 1Jn 2:3ff.

III. The apostle says that what he had been saying was no new commandment, but was what they had always heard concerning the nature of the gospel; but though in this respect the law of love which he meant particularly to enforce was no new commandment, none which they had not heard before, yet in another respect it was a new commandment, for it was one which in its peculiarity was originated by Jesus, and which he meant to make the charac- teristic of his religion, 1Jn 2:7ff. A large part of the epistle is taken up in explaining and enforcing this commandment requiring love to the brethren.

IV. The apostle specifies 1Jn 2:12ff various reasons why he had written to them -- reasons derived from the peculiar character of different classes among them -- little children, fathers, young men.

V. Each of these classes he solemnly commands not to love the world, or the things that are in the world, for that which constitutes the peculiarity of the "world" as such is not of the Father, and all "that there is in the world is soon to pass away," 1Jn 2:15ff.

VI. He calls their attention to the fact that the closing dispensation of the world had come, 1Jn 2:18ff. The evidence of this was, that antichrist had appeared.

VII. He calls their attention to the characteristics of the antichrist. The essential thing would be that antichrist would deny that Jesus was the Christ, involving a practical denial of both the Father and the Son. Persons of this character were abroad, and they were in great danger of being seduced by their arts from the way of truth and duty, 1Jn 2:21ff.

VIII. The apostle, in the close of the chapter, 1Jn 2:27ff, expresses the belief that they would not be seduced, but that they had an anointing from above which would keep them from the arts of those who would lead them astray, he earnestly exhorts them to abide in God the Saviour, that when he should appear they might have confidence and not be ashamed at his coming.

Text

1: My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: edit

2: And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for our's only, but also for the sins of the whole world. edit

3: And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. edit

4: He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. edit

5: But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him. edit

6: He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked. edit

7: Brethren, I write no new commandment unto you, but an old commandment which ye had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word which ye have heard from the beginning. edit

8: Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth. edit

9: He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now. edit

10: He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him. edit

11: But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes. edit

12: I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake. edit

13: I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the wicked one. I write unto you, little children, because ye have known the Father. edit

14: I have written unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I have written unto you, young men, because ye are strong, and the word of God abideth in you, and ye have overcome the wicked one. edit

15: Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. edit

16: For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. edit

17: And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever. edit

18: Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. edit

19: They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. edit

20: But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things. edit

21: I have not written unto you because ye know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is of the truth. edit

22: Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. edit

23: Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also. edit

24: Let that therefore abide in you, which ye have heard from the beginning. If that which ye have heard from the beginning shall remain in you, ye also shall continue in the Son, and in the Father. edit

25: And this is the promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life. edit

26: These things have I written unto you concerning them that seduce you. edit

27: But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him. edit

28: And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming. edit

29: If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him. edit

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